The Indices of Deprivation 2019 are national measures based on 39 indicators, which highlight characteristics of deprivation such as unemployment, low income, crime and poor access to education and health services. The 2019 indices offer an in-depth approach to pinpointing small pockets of deprivation. Each indicator was based on data from the most recent time point available. Using the latest data available means there is not a single consistent time point for all 39 indicators.
The indices are a key measure used by Central Government to help target policies and funding to improve the quality of life in disadvantaged communities. The headline measure is the Index of Multiple Deprivation. This can be analysed in more depth by looking at the seven distinct domains of deprivation:
- Income Deprivation
- Employment Deprivation
- Health Deprivation and Disability
- Education, Skills and Training Deprivation
- Barriers to Housing and Services
- Living Environment Deprivation
and the two supplemental indices:
- Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI)
- Income Deprivation Affecting Older People Index (IDAOPI)
The indices use Lower Super Output Areas (LSOA). These are small geographical units averaging 1,600 people and provide an in-depth appreciation of variations in deprivation at a local level.