The Indices of Deprivation 2015 are national measures based on 37 indicators, which highlight characteristics of deprivation such as unemployment, low income, crime and poor access to education and health services. The 2015 indices offer an in-depth approach to pinpointing small pockets of deprivation. Most indicators used data based on the tax year 2012/13. The indices are a key measure used by Central Government to help target policies and funding to improve the quality of life in disadvantaged communities. The headline measure is the Index of Multiple Deprivation. This can be analysed in more depth by looking at the seven distinct domains of deprivation:
The indices use Lower Super Output Areas (LSOA) rather than wards. These are small geographical units averaging 1,600 people and provide a more in-depth appreciation of variations in deprivation at a local level.